How candy floss machines could be used to make medical-grade n95 masks

Candy floss machines are generally found at festivals and carnivals, but Dr. Mahesh thinks that candy floss machines could be used to combat the novel coronavirus. He works at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology. Dr. Mahesh showed on a scientific paper a sketch that shows how we can use candy floss machines to make N95 respirators. In addition to that, Dr. Mahesh says that discarded plastic bags and water bottles could be used to make N95 respirators. 

Candy floss machines use sugar to make candies. Similar to that, a plastic polymer can be fed to the candy floss to make effective respirators that do not let particles of the novel coronavirus enter the body of an individual. Such material filters out airborne particles and infectious agents that could cause harm to the health of the individual. Respirators— like the N95 respirator — are the ones that keep an individual safe from injurious airborne particles of different sizes. 

The N95 respirator is a respiratory protective device that filters out injurious airborne particles like viral infections, infectious agents, pollen, mud, and dust, etc. The word N95 means that the N95 respirator is ninety-five percent efficient and effective at the filtration of injurious airborne particles. In addition to that, it prevents the spread of contagious diseases and viral infections. The N95 respirator limits the spread of the novel coronavirus as well. 

The N95 respirator is effective since NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) has approved the use of N95 respirator for the public of the United States of America (USA). The only respirator that resembles the effectiveness of N95 respirator is effective enough to withstand the severity of the virus and block its harmful airborne particles from entering the body of an individual. Therefore, the best and safest Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) in the world is the N95 respirator. 

Although it is a great idea to make N95 respirators with floss machines, the process is difficult, however. The process of developing the N95 respirator requires high expertise and precise engineering. Therefore, it is an arduous task to manufacture the N95 respirators through the use of candy floss machines. This solution is indispensable for the people who have been facing the shortages of various PPEs. PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and it keeps an individual safe from harmful airborne particles and foreign particles that could cause harm to the health of the individual. 

Everyone has been using the N95 respirator since the pandemic began. Manufacturing the N95 respirator is crucial to deal with the immense shortage of N95 respirators during the novel coronavirus. Everyone has started purchasing the N95 respirators, and people do not have ample amounts of N95 respirators left for the healthcare professionals. Therefore, people have started finding ways to deal with the shortage of N95 respirators, and the usage of candy floss machines to manufacture N95 respirators is one of the ways to deal with this severe shortage. 

The electrocharged filtration layer plays an integral role in the effectiveness of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FRs). The manufacturing of this layer of the N95 filtering facepiece respirator is the most difficult part of the study. An adapted cotton candy maker was used to make the fibers of the respirator. The discarded plastic is then heated and spun through the use of a candy floss machine into a fiber fabric. After the former process, the plastic is sandwiched and cut into two individual sheets. 

Then the product is put through isothermal charging for ten minutes with an air ionizer of one centimeter — 1 cm — to improve the static charge of the fabric. Twelve grams of polymer, used as input, is used to complete the run of one fabrication, and the resulting fibers appear in the time of less than one minute. After the completion of this whole process, there are two ways to integrate these charged fabrics into the N95 respirators. 

The first way is to stick the fibers inside the surgical mask to improve the filtration of the respirator, but it leaves enough room for the injurious airborne particles where the virus could pass. Therefore, the second method involved the usage of 3D printing technology to design a mask called the Montana mask. It ensures that the respirator has a tight facial fit. A respirator must have a tight facial fit. If a respirator does not have a tight facial fit, it leaves enough room for injurious airborne particles.

Leaving such room for injurious airborne particles could be catastrophic for the wearer and the people around the wearer. Therefore, respirators should have a tight facial fit. The addition of three electrocharged layers does improve the filtration quality of a respirator, but it does make it hard for the wearer to breathe; this is because of the addition of multiple electrocharged layers. The researchers conducted various tests and concluded that the Montana mask with an electrocharged filtration layer is as effective and efficient as the N95 respirator when it comes to protection from injurious airborne particles.

Conclusion

The usage of candy floss machines to deal with the shortage of N95 respirators has become popular among some citizens. Discarded plastic bags and bottles are used to manufacture masks through the use of candy floss machines. It is a good way to manufacture N95 respirators, but it requires expertise and precise engineering.

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