Sewing patterns of surgical masks

There has been a great need for masks these days. Thus, knowing face mask patterns for creating a surgical mask of your own through DIY is the need of the hour. Below are a few patterns for surgical masks that will help people make the best-suited masks for themselves. 

Surgical Face Mask Patterns

Materials that are required:

  1. Fabric that is weaved tight and is 100% cotton 
  1. Elastic that has a flat texture for the loops that go around-ear the (the same cotton fabric can be used too)
  1. Scissors used for cutting fabric
  1. A scale
  1. Clippers or pins 
  1. Machine for sewing the fabric 
  1. Threads

List of cuts that need to be made on the fabric:

To make an adult mask:

  1. Make a rectangle out of the fabric with a length: 16.5" and width: 9." 
  2. Two elastic pieces need to be cut. Each adjustable piece should be 7.5" long. 

To make a small child-size mask:

  1. Make a rectangle out of the fabric with a length: 14" and width: 6.5." 
  2. Two elastic pieces need to be cut. Each elastic piece should be 6" long.

Step 1: 

  1. Start sewing on the upper side, with a pocket-forming.
  2. The rectangle you have needs to be folded in half and keep the right sides of the fabric, looking at each other.
  3. Start sewing at the top from the edge of the width, sew providing a large seam allowance of about ⅝" inches. 
  • Make sure to keep the filter pocket only if you require it. If there's no need for a filter pocket, that won't be any problem with the mask. But still, there will be an opening needed so that the mask you are making has the flexibility to be turned right side out. After attaching the elastic for ear loops, turn it back as it was and then stitch the opening and close it. 
  • The seam in the surgical mask has a filter pocket that needs to be sewed.
  • While using the seam, you need to turn the fabric so that the scene with the pocket comes in the mask's centre. Use an iron and try to press the seam open. 
  • The excess steam present on the mask fabric needs to be folded to increase the fabric's raw edge. Finishing the edge go forward at the top stitch or go with a zig-zag stitch so that the seam is fine. Once the edges get a finishing, it will give the fabric easy access to remove and insert a filter. 

Step 2: Pinning elastic or the ties made of fabric 

When using an elastic for earloop:

  • It would help if you started buying one piece of elastic on either side of the mask, put one end on the top corner and the other end on the bottom corner of the fabric cut it into a rectangle. This allows the creation of a loop when the mask will be done outside and will help pleats. 
  • Once you are done with the placing of elastic as mentioned about it, the elastic Will be put in between the mask's fabric layers, and on turning it right side out, it will be pointing outside the mask.
  • On repeating the above process on both sides that you will get to earloops for your mask.

When using the fabric to make earloops:

  • By the fabric and making a thin elastic-like loop by using a sewing machine. This will not be as elastic as the elastic made earloops, but it surely will be convenient to tie behind the back of your head.

Step 3: Sewing the sides of the fabric and securing the ties.

  • Provide the sewing machine with a seam allowance off ⅜" for sewing each side of the face mask informing. Make sure to provide the elastic on the ear's fabric with backstitch and make them more secure. Uses scissors for trimming out the corners. This will help you to turn the mask right side out quickly. 

  • Once you have turned your mask right side out and give it a proper finish, press it using an iron. With the help of a pencil, you can very quickly push out the corners of the mask.
  • If you want to create a flexible please around your news, you can use a wire in the fabric while sewing.

Step 4: Making the Pleats on the mask

  • The mask with three lines that are spaced parallel. You can be accurate while doing this by using a fabric pencil to mark on the right position. You Can also try to for the fabric in water so that you can get a crease for your mask and finally seal it with an iron.
  • Pins will be very helpful in securing the three pleats on the surgical mask.
  • Once the folds are made, pin them down and make sure they are all facing the same direction. Make sure to secure the pleats by sewing at the sides. 
  • It would help if you made sure that the pleats should be opening in the direction facing downwards so that there are no particles that get trapped in the wrinkles. 

The Material for filter media in the Face Mask:

Advantages and Disadvantages:

Following are a few filters that can be used in mask pattern for Surgical Masks with their disadvantages and advantages,

1) HEPA filters:

  1.  The HEPA vacuum cleaner bag, when undergone thorough testing, has proved to be the best of the other filters known. 
  2.  One of the disadvantages of the filter at hand is that it is quite difficult to breathe through a HEPA filter. 

2) Coffee filters:

  1. aThe CDC approved masks mostly contain coffee filters because they are very readily available and can be disposed of pretty quickly too. 

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