In this pandemic period, we have all learned about masks and other PPE kits. The importance of masks is needless to describe anymore. There are several types of masks available in the market and general people can use them with proper guidelines to maintain. The N95 masks are released for medical professionals only because they are exposed to the virus most. However, when the CDC first declared about N95 masks and its effectiveness, people started buying in bulk. This created a huge shortage and many medical professionals failed to get enough supplies for their daily needs. The United States was in a dire need of more production of masks and its equal distribution among the medical staff. The lead manufacturers tried hard to control the situation, but it is not fully under control. There is still a shortage of the product in the medical institutes.
Original N95 masks are costlier than other types of masks. This is why many people try to get cheap N95 masks with intact effectiveness. This is unlikely to happen. However, to meet this demand, counterfeit items flooded the market. People started getting N95 masks at a lesser price but they didn’t enquire about the effectiveness. There have been many problems because of the fake items. To control this situation, the NIOSH and CDC came up with the signs that will help people in distinguishing between original masks and counterfeit items.
There are many types of masks which are safer to use instead of using a fake product that may harm you more than help you.
The most widely used type of masks on the market are those used to shield a person from major drops, water, sprays, and medical facilities and for loosening the mouth. As they are so common and economical, they are also available in various sizes, colors, and styles.
Surgical masks can not prevent you from trapping or spreading the coronavirus or other viruses in the air when covering your mouth because they have loose holes that can allow the germs to break in.
In this case, a high-grade operational mask may stop various types of viruses (up to 80 to 90%), especially when they are used by a sick person. It may help avoid large particles that are expelled from the atmosphere by the wearer, such as saliva or mucus. The operating mask helps to collect larger ejected particles if the wearer coughs or sneezes.
Right now, again, N95 air masks are commonly used to minimize coronavirus transmission. It is much tighter and ambiguous in nature and makes it an option better than surgical masks. N95 masks filter up 95% of the 0.3 microns or larger particles in diameter, about the size of a single virus, and contain PM 2.5. Few masks may have a fitting known as an exhalation valve that will flush out moisture buildup. They are also much effective at filtering and blocking the entrance of toxins, viruses, and bacteria in the mouth or nose, with a 95 percent effectiveness.
But they are still much more costly, cost-effective. In addition, N95 masks must be fitted and checked in advance to ensure they work for you efficiently. N95 masks have the best level of security relative to all other masks.
An alternative to a respiratory mask like the one in N95 is called an FFP1 mask. Although 95% of the toxins, viruses, and small particles are flushed out safely by N95, masks FFP1 shield anyone from breathing in more toxic particles. In general, they are often fitted more tightly around the nose and mouth to avoid poisonous or infectious contaminants from entering.
Cloth and Sponge Mask
Over the past few weeks, many have been handmade masks made of various materials, including cloth or sponge, leading to an extreme shortage of masks on the market and a lack of protective equipment. While homemade masks are not as reliable, they are better than nothing in place to combat germ spread, particularly in the event of a pandemic.
Home-made masks provide less protection than surgical or breathing masks. However, according to the CDC directives, a person should maintain the facial area clean and avoid the spread of malignant germs and other infectious viruses. Sanitation and disinfection are effective measures to avoid coronavirus spread and to stop this spread. Cloth and sponge masks filter about 50% of the toxins and bacteria. It is still under research on how well they work to suppress the virus. Please note that with a home-made mask you can use a preventive mask that can be beneficial and not only rely upon as protection during desperate times.
The Right Way to Wear a Mask
From the bridge of your nose to the jaw, your mask should cover your face. It should be loose but secure enough to remain in place. Be sure that you speak about the mask and don't get annoyed so that you don't get tempted to touch or remove it, which might minimize its productivity or place you in danger of touching your face.
Which one is Safe to buy?
Check for a mask of two layers or more. Without wide holes, it should protect the nose and lips. The mask should be fastened or fastened so it can be changed. Look for people with glasses, then search for a mask with an elastic border on the back, so you can form the mask to the bridge of the nose. You don’t need N95 respirators if you are not into the medical profession. Also, please don’t search for cheaper N95 masks because this can make you fall sick rather than protecting you from the deadly virus.