FFP stands for filtering facepiece. FFP masks consist of two things: a facepiece and a filtering device. Several filter types determine the protection level that the FFP masks provide. The greater the number, the greater protection an FFP mask provides. FFP1 respirators adequately protect an individual from dust, dirt, and mist, etc.
FFP2 masks protect against harmful airborne particles like moderate particles of dust, bacteria, and oil, etc.; FFP3 respirators are efficient at filtering out harmful airborne particles like bacteria, infectious agents, pollutants, contaminants, and viral diseases, etc. All of these masks are different from each other, and all of them have got distinct uses.
The FFP3 masks are better than FFP2 and FFP1. The FFP standards are made by the European Union to determine which respirator is better than the other, and which mask adequately protects an individual against harmful airborne particles. Therefore, people buy the mask that they want for them. If a person wants to mow their lawn, they will purchase either an FFP1 or FFP2 respirator.
If a person wants to buy a mask to keep himself safe from COVID-19, they would purchase FFP3 respirators. The most suitable FFP masks for protection against COVID-19 are FFP3 masks without valves; this is because masks with valves do not keep the people standing next to the wearer safe. Therefore, the individual, who wears the FFP3 masks with valves, and who have been infected by COVID-19, can spread the virus to other people.
If someone has been infected by contagious diseases like COVID-19, the influenza virus, or the swine flu, it has been urged for them to wear FFP3 masks without valves. On the other hand, if a person has not been infected by contagious diseases, they can wear FFP masks with valves without any hesitation. Moreover, people can wear FFP masks while mowing, cleaning, mining, and constructing to keep themselves protected from hazardous airborne particles.
In the European Union, the FFP masks are used by the public and healthcare professionals like doctors and nurses to combat harmful diseases like COVID-19. It has become an obligation for an individual to wear face masks during COVID-19 to keep the individual safe from hazardous airborne particles. Healthcare departments of the European Union have made it clear to the public to wear face masks during COVID-19.
What textiles do FFP masks use?
The material that is used to manufacture FFP masks is also crucial. Textiles are fabrics that are used in manufacturing various products. These products include masks and respirators as well. A research was conducted by the University of Chicago to determine which textile is crucial for filtering out airborne particles that could be harmful to an individual’s health. Those textiles include cotton, flannel, polyester, natural silk, and synthetic, etc.
The researchers put a fan against a face mask and blew harmful airborne particles and aerosols in the way of the face mask across the textile, and the size of those harmful airborne particles is from ten nanometers to ten micrometers; this was done to check the effectiveness of fabrics. Cotton was the textile that filtered out more than 80 percent of the harmful airborne particles that came in its way.
But the textiles performed even better when they were combined. Such combinations of fabrics performed relatively better than fabrics with cotton. Two layers of natural silk with one layer of cotton was effective at filtering out more than 90 percent of harmful airborne particles. Therefore, a hybrid combination of textile is what makes the masks effective and efficient at filtering out airborne particles that could adversely affect the health of an individual.
The scientists believe that the reason why hybrid combinations of textiles with face masks are more effective than using a single fabric is because of the combined electrostatic and mechanical filtration. Since a single fabric like cotton can filter out airborne particles passing through the gaps of the textile, an electrostatic charge is produced by the silk that traps particles.
Therefore, hybrid combinations of face masks keep an individual safe from both sides; this is the reason why different combinations of textiles is a crucial ingredient in manufacturing an effective and efficient face mask. An individual must wear a face mask that has a tight facial fit even though fabric plays a significant role in manufacturing an effective and efficient face mask.
If there is some gap left between the facial part of an individual and a face mask, it could make it easy for the harmful airborne particles to be inhaled by the wearer. Therefore, it has been urged to wear face masks with a tight facial fit to reduce the chances of contracting this contagious disease, which is COVID-19. After the whole research was finished, it was concluded at the end that the face masks with the hybrid combination of textiles filter out more than ninety percent of harmful airborne particles.
FFP masks are of three types: FFP1, FFP2, and FFP3. FFP1 respirator keeps an individual safe from small diseases; the FFP2 respirator adequately protects an individual from harmful diseases; the FFP3 mask, on the other hand, is a facepiece that filters out hazardous airborne particles like infectious diseases and viral infections. FFP3 respirators have been urged for people who want to keep themselves safe from COVID-19.